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USDA Plantings Report 03/31

Prospective Plantings ISSN: 1949-159X Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Corn Planted Acreage Up 8 Percent from 2019 Soybean Acreage Up 10 Percent All Wheat Acreage Down 1 Percent All Cotton Acreage Down Less Than 1 Percent Corn planted area for all purposes in 2020 is estimated at 97.0 million acres, up 8 percent or 7.29 million acres from last year. Compared with last year, planted acreage is expected to be up or unchanged in 38 of the 48 estimating States. Soybean planted area for 2020 is estimated at 83.5 million acres, up 10 percent from last year. Compared with last year, planted acreage is expected to be up or unchanged in 22 of the 29 estimating States. All wheat planted area for 2020 is estimated at 44.7 million acres, down 1 percent from 2019. This represents the lowest all wheat planted area since records began in 1919. The 2020 winter wheat planted area, at 30.8 million acres, is down 1 percent from last year and down slightly from the previous estimate. Of this total, about 21.7 million acres are Hard Red Winter, 5.69 million acres are Soft Red Winter, and 3.42 million acres are White Winter. Area expected to be planted to other spring wheat for 2020 is estimated at 12.6 million acres, down 1 percent from 2019. Of this total, about 11.9 million acres are Hard Red Spring wheat. Durum planted area for 2020 is expected to total 1.29 million acres, down 4 percent from the previous year. All cotton planted area for 2020 is estimated at 13.7 million acres, down less than 1 percent from last year. Upland area is estimated at 13.5 million acres, down less than 1 percent from 2019. American Pima area is estimated at 228,000 acres, down 1 percent from 2019. This report was approved on March 31, 2020. Secretary of Agriculture Designate Robert Johansson Agricultural Statistics Board Chairperson Joseph L. Parsons Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Principal Crops Area Planted States and United States: 2018-2020 [Crops included in area planted are corn, sorghum, oats, barley, rye, winter wheat, Durum wheat, other spring wheat, rice, soybeans, peanuts, sunflower, cotton, dry edible beans, chickpeas, potatoes, sugarbeets, canola, and proso millet. Harvested acreage is used for all hay, tobacco, and sugarcane in computing total area planted. Values for 2020 were carried forward from 2019 for potatoes, proso millet, rye, and sugarcane. Includes double cropped acres and unharvested small grains planted as cover crops] State 2018 2019 2020 1/ (1,000 acres) AL 2,325 2,115 2,175 AK 28 28 30 AZ 665 634 634 AR 7,282 6,598 7,229 CA 2,946 2,941 2,809 CO 6,140 6,091 5,910 CT 70 70 76 DE 453 435 404 FL 1,114 1,075 1,103 GA 3,653 3,354 3,429 ID 4,177 4,096 4,098 IL 22,936 21,590 22,950 IN 12,120 11,250 12,040 IA 24,241 23,935 24,840 KS 23,465 23,113 24,075 KY 5,693 5,712 5,856 LA 3,287 3,024 3,209 ME 227 229 220 MD 1,572 1,556 1,548 MA 93 65 64 MI 6,390 5,541 6,474 MN 19,484 18,349 19,492 MS 4,144 3,822 4,055 MO 13,782 12,827 13,779 MT 9,835 9,946 9,847 NE 19,742 19,176 19,854 NV 401 450 457 NH 52 61 57 NJ 314 282 285 NM 874 823 793 NY 2,828 2,591 2,909 NC 4,593 4,400 4,583 ND 24,163 23,221 23,429 OH 10,065 8,595 10,010 OK 10,036 9,390 9,444 OR 1,997 1,905 1,845 PA 3,443 3,686 3,856 RI 8 7 7 SC 1,498 1,428 1,443 SD 17,300 13,816 17,631 TN 4,896 4,836 5,023 TX 21,833 21,419 22,495 UT 871 907 911 VT 255 241 261 VA 2,634 2,609 2,712 WA 3,697 3,542 3,494 WV 617 567 596 WI 8,014 7,624 7,960 WY 1,474 1,504 1,539 US 2/ 319,305 302,626 319,088 1/ Intended plantings in 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. 2/ States do not add to United States due to rye unallocated acreage. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Corn Area Planted States and United States: 2018-2020 Area planted State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (1,000 acres) % AL 255 320 370 116 AZ 80 90 100 111 AR 660 770 800 104 CA 430 460 440 96 CO 1,460 1,550 1,650 106 CT 23 23 23 100 DE 170 185 170 92 FL 95 90 100 111 GA 325 395 440 111 ID 350 385 400 104 IL 11,000 10,500 11,300 108 IN 5,300 5,000 5,800 116 IA 13,200 13,500 14,100 104 KS 5,450 6,400 6,300 98 KY 1,330 1,550 1,500 97 LA 460 570 680 119 ME 30 29 28 97 MD 440 510 500 98 MA 14 14 16 114 MI 2,250 2,000 2,500 125 MN 7,900 7,800 8,400 108 MS 480 660 710 108 MO 3,500 3,200 3,600 113 MT 115 115 135 117 NE 9,600 10,100 10,500 104 NV 13 15 17 113 NH 13 12 12 100 NJ 70 77 90 117 NM 135 145 135 93 NY 1,070 1,020 1,180 116 NC 910 990 1,050 106 ND 3,150 3,500 3,200 91 OH 3,500 2,800 3,700 132 OK 310 370 400 108 OR 75 80 85 106 PA 1,300 1,450 1,480 102 RI 2 2 2 100 SC 340 380 390 103 SD 5,300 4,350 6,000 138 TN 720 970 1,040 107 TX 2,200 2,500 2,700 108 UT 70 85 80 94 VT 85 81 81 100 VA 485 540 540 100 WA 165 170 200 118 WV 46 52 56 108 WI 3,900 3,800 3,900 103 WY 95 95 90 95 US 88,871 89,700 96,990 108 1/ Intended plantings in 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Sorghum Area Planted States and United States: 2018-2020 Area planted State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (1,000 acres) % AR 2/ 12 (NA) (NA) (X) CO 355 365 410 112 GA 2/ 25 (NA) (NA) (X) IL 2/ 18 (NA) (NA) (X) KS 2,800 2,600 2,800 108 LA 2/ 8 (NA) (NA) (X) MS 2/ 4 (NA) (NA) (X) MO 2/ 30 (NA) (NA) (X) NE 230 200 200 100 NM 2/ 80 (NA) (NA) (X) NC 2/ 18 (NA) (NA) (X) OK 300 300 340 113 SD 260 250 270 108 TX 1,550 1,550 1,800 116 US 5,690 5,265 5,820 111 (NA) Not available. (X) Not applicable. 1/ Intended plantings in 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. 2/ Estimates discontinued in 2019. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Oat Area Planted States and United States: 2018-2020 [Includes area planted in preceding fall] Area planted State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (1,000 acres) % AL 2/ 40 (NA) (NA) (X) AR 10 5 8 160 CA 110 75 75 100 CO 2/ 95 (NA) (NA) (X) GA 60 70 70 100 ID 40 60 45 75 IL 40 70 100 143 IA 135 215 240 112 KS 120 120 170 142 ME 21 22 22 100 MI 75 70 60 86 MN 180 240 250 104 MO 35 50 50 100 MT 70 70 75 107 NE 125 120 120 100 NY 69 56 59 105 NC 30 22 28 127 ND 300 355 320 90 OH 55 75 80 107 OK 50 100 90 90 OR 20 20 20 100 PA 65 85 90 106 SC 2/ 19 (NA) (NA) (X) SD 290 245 345 141 TX 450 400 415 104 WA 2/ 17 (NA) (NA) (X) WI 200 265 280 106 WY 2/ 25 (NA) (NA) (X) US 2,746 2,810 3,012 107 (NA) Not available. (X) Not applicable. 1/ Intended plantings in 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. 2/ Estimates discontinued in 2019. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Barley Area Planted States and United States: 2018-2020 [Includes area planted in preceding fall] Area planted State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (1,000 acres) % AK 5 6 5 83 AZ 14 17 17 100 CA 65 60 65 108 CO 60 54 45 83 DE 25 21 22 105 ID 550 540 510 94 KS 17 14 15 107 ME 17 16 13 81 MD 45 32 43 134 MI 20 11 15 136 MN 80 70 65 93 MT 790 920 1,010 110 NY 10 10 10 100 NC 11 11 15 136 ND 470 580 640 110 OR 43 40 35 88 PA 45 35 40 114 SD 48 37 45 122 UT 21 17 21 124 VA 30 30 30 100 WA 85 95 115 121 WI 25 24 30 125 WY 72 81 115 142 US 2,548 2,721 2,921 107 1/ Intended plantings in 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). All Wheat Area Planted States and United States: 2018-2020 [Includes area planted in preceding fall] Area planted State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (1,000 acres) % AL 160 130 150 115 AZ 96 34 50 147 AR 175 110 160 145 CA 425 420 425 101 CO 2,260 2,150 1,850 86 DE 75 60 55 92 FL 2/ 15 (NA) (NA) (X) GA 200 150 190 127 ID 1,191 1,195 1,205 101 IL 600 650 570 88 IN 310 330 340 103 IA 2/ 16 (NA) (NA) (X) KS 7,700 6,900 6,800 99 KY 450 460 540 117 LA 2/ 15 (NA) (NA) (X) MD 360 345 345 100 MI 510 540 520 96 MN 1,621 1,450 1,350 93 MS 55 45 45 100 MO 740 550 480 87 MT 5,390 5,450 5,470 100 NE 1,100 1,070 920 86 NV 2/ 23 (NA) (NA) (X) NJ 18 19 25 132 NM 320 360 330 92 NY 110 90 160 178 NC 460 290 480 166 ND 7,735 7,505 6,800 91 OH 490 500 510 102 OK 4,400 4,200 4,300 102 OR 800 740 740 100 PA 195 180 240 133 SC 80 70 110 157 SD 1,883 1,500 1,500 100 TN 380 280 310 111 TX 4,500 4,500 4,800 107 UT 130 125 120 96 VA 230 180 260 144 WA 2,220 2,260 2,220 98 WV 2/ 7 (NA) (NA) (X) WI 240 195 160 82 WY 130 125 125 100 US 47,815 45,158 44,655 99 (NA) Not available. (X) Not applicable. 1/ Intended plantings for 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. 2/ Estimates discontinued in 2019. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Winter Wheat Area Planted States and United States: 2018-2020 [Includes area planted in preceding fall] Area planted State 2018 2019 2020 Percent of previous year (1,000 acres) % AL 160 130 150 115 AZ 1/ 22 (NA) (NA) (X) AR 175 110 160 145 CA 380 390 400 103 CO 2,250 2,150 1,850 86 DE 75 60 55 92 FL 1/ 15 (NA) (NA) (X) GA 200 150 190 127 ID 720 730 730 100 IL 600 650 570 88 IN 310 330 340 103 IA 1/ 16 (NA) (NA) (X) KS 7,700 6,900 6,800 99 KY 450 460 540 117 LA 1/ 15 (NA) (NA) (X) MD 360 345 345 100 MI 510 540 520 96 MN 1/ 11 (NA) (NA) (X) MS 55 45 45 100 MO 740 550 480 87 MT 1,650 2,000 1,600 80 NE 1,100 1,070 920 86 NV 1/ 13 (NA) (NA) (X) NJ 18 19 25 132 NM 320 360 330 92 NY 110 90 160 178 NC 460 290 480 166 ND 85 85 60 71 OH 490 500 510 102 OK 4,400 4,200 4,300 102 OR 720 740 740 100 PA 195 180 240 133 SC 80 70 110 157 SD 830 860 650 76 TN 380 280 310 111 TX 4,500 4,500 4,800 107 UT 120 125 120 96 VA 230 180 260 144 WA 1,700 1,750 1,700 97 WV 1/ 7 (NA) (NA) (X) WI 240 195 160 82 WY 130 125 125 100 US 32,542 31,159 30,775 99 (NA) Not available. (X) Not applicable. 1/ Estimates discontinued in 2019. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Durum Wheat Area Planted States and United States: 2018-2020 [Includes area planted in preceding fall in Arizona and California] Area planted State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (1,000 acres) % AZ 74 34 50 147 CA 45 30 25 83 ID 11 5 5 100 MT 840 550 570 104 ND 1,100 720 640 89 SD 2/ 3 (NA) (NA) (X) US 2,073 1,339 1,290 96 (NA) Not available. (X) Not applicable. 1/ Intended plantings in 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. 2/ Estimate discontinued in 2019. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Other Spring Wheat Area Planted States and United States: 2018-2020 Area planted State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (1,000 acres) % CO 2/ 10 (NA) (NA) (X) ID 460 460 470 102 MN 1,610 1,450 1,350 93 MT 2,900 2,900 3,300 114 NV 2/ 10 (NA) (NA) (X) ND 6,550 6,700 6,100 91 OR 2/ 80 (NA) (NA) (X) SD 1,050 640 850 133 UT 2/ 10 (NA) (NA) (X) WA 520 510 520 102 US 13,200 12,660 12,590 99 (NA) Not available. (X) Not applicable. 1/ Intended plantings in 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. 2/ Estimates discontinued in 2019. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). All Hay Area Harvested States and United States: 2018-2020 Area harvested State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (1,000 acres) % AL 850 700 700 100 AK 22 22 25 114 AZ 300 325 325 100 AR 1,203 1,253 1,340 107 CA 980 1,010 920 91 CO 1,420 1,460 1,430 98 CT 47 47 53 113 DE 13 14 12 86 FL 280 270 270 100 GA 600 560 590 105 ID 1,340 1,300 1,350 104 IL 470 420 480 114 IN 510 520 500 96 IA 940 1,020 1,200 118 KS 2,360 2,280 2,700 118 KY 1,895 1,945 1,965 101 LA 380 390 420 108 ME 110 110 105 95 MD 195 189 190 101 MA 79 51 48 94 MI 810 780 780 100 MN 1,220 1,100 1,150 105 MS 590 610 620 102 MO 3,070 3,360 3,250 97 MT 2,900 3,000 2,800 93 NE 2,700 2,450 2,650 108 NV 365 435 440 101 NH 39 49 45 92 NJ 114 91 90 99 NM 250 245 250 102 NY 1,220 1,180 1,210 103 NC 816 816 825 101 ND 2,670 2,420 2,600 107 OH 970 920 920 100 OK 3,230 3,005 2,800 93 OR 1,000 970 910 94 PA 1,190 1,210 1,270 105 RI 6 5 5 100 SC 270 270 270 100 SD 3,250 3,350 3,400 101 TN 1,720 1,763 1,800 102 TX 4,740 4,920 4,900 100 UT 650 680 690 101 VT 170 160 180 113 VA 1,140 1,145 1,145 100 WA 760 640 620 97 WV 535 515 540 105 WI 1,360 1,300 1,350 104 WY 1,090 1,150 1,150 100 US 52,839 52,425 53,283 102 1/ Intended area harvested in 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Rice Area Planted by Class States and United States: 2018-2020 Area planted Class and State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (1,000 acres) % Long grain AR 1,250 950 1,190 125 CA 11 10 10 100 LA 395 370 390 105 MS 140 115 150 130 MO 215 180 190 106 TX 187 153 170 111 US 2,198 1,778 2,100 118 Medium grain AR 190 205 205 100 CA 455 455 450 99 LA 45 55 40 73 MS - 2 - (X) MO 9 7 9 129 TX 8 4 2 50 US 707 728 706 97 Short grain AR 1 1 1 100 CA 2/ 40 33 40 121 US 41 34 41 121 All AR 1,441 1,156 1,396 121 CA 506 498 500 100 LA 440 425 430 101 MS 140 117 150 128 MO 224 187 199 106 TX 195 157 172 110 US 2,946 2,540 2,847 112 - Represents zero. (X) Not applicable. 1/ Intended plantings in 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. 2/ Includes sweet rice. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Canola Area Planted States and United States: 2018-2020 Area planted State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (1,000 acres) % ID 2/ 43 (NA) (NA) (X) KS 47 29 10 34 MN 46 51 62 122 MT 120 150 175 117 ND 1,590 1,700 1,660 98 OK 70 35 12 34 OR 2/ 4.7 (NA) (NA) (X) WA 70 75 70 93 US 1,990.7 2,040 1,989 98 (NA) Not available. (X) Not applicable. 1/ Intended plantings in 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. 2/ Estimates discontinued in 2019. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Soybean Area Planted States and United States: 2018-2020 Area planted State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (1,000 acres) % AL 345 265 260 98 AR 3,270 2,650 2,900 109 DE 170 155 145 94 FL 2/ 18 (NA) (NA) (X) GA 145 100 90 90 IL 10,800 9,950 10,500 106 IN 6,000 5,400 5,400 100 IA 9,950 9,200 9,300 101 KS 4,750 4,550 5,000 110 KY 1,950 1,700 1,800 106 LA 1,340 890 980 110 MD 530 480 470 98 MI 2,330 1,760 2,200 125 MN 7,750 6,850 7,400 108 MS 2,230 1,660 1,850 111 MO 5,850 5,100 5,800 114 NE 5,650 4,900 5,100 104 NJ 110 95 80 84 NY 335 235 290 123 NC 1,650 1,540 1,480 96 ND 6,900 5,600 6,600 118 OH 5,050 4,300 4,800 112 OK 640 465 550 118 PA 640 620 630 102 SC 390 335 320 96 SD 5,650 3,500 5,400 154 TN 1,700 1,400 1,500 107 TX 175 80 115 144 VA 600 570 600 105 WV 2/ 29 (NA) (NA) (X) WI 2,220 1,750 1,950 111 US 89,167 76,100 83,510 110 (NA) Not available. (X) Not applicable. 1/ Intended plantings in 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. 2/ Estimates discontinued in 2019. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Peanut Area Planted States and United States: 2018-2020 Area planted State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (1,000 acres) % AL 165 160 165 103 AR 26 34 35 103 FL 155 165 175 106 GA 665 670 740 110 MS 25 20 20 100 NM 5.5 4.7 5 106 NC 102 104 105 101 OK 16 15 12 80 SC 87 65 75 115 TX 155 165 170 103 VA 24 25 27 108 US 1,425.5 1,427.7 1,529 107 1/ Intended plantings in 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Sunflower Area Planted by Type States and United States: 2018-2020 Varietal type Area planted and State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (1,000 acres) % Oil CA 58 49 49 100 CO 58 47 43 91 KS 43 37 60 162 MN 45 53 71 134 NE 25 28 30 107 ND 395 470 500 106 SD 520 485 570 118 TX 20 28 33 118 US 1,164 1,197 1,356 113 Non-oil CA 2 1.6 1 63 CO 8 12 20 167 KS 10 8 20 250 MN 7.5 5 6 120 NE 12 9 10 111 ND 41 65 70 108 SD 51 48 50 104 TX 5.5 5 25 500 US 137 153.6 202 132 All CA 60 50.6 50 99 CO 66 59 63 107 KS 53 45 80 178 MN 52.5 58 77 133 NE 37 37 40 108 ND 436 535 570 107 SD 571 533 620 116 TX 25.5 33 58 176 US 1,301 1,350.6 1,558 115 1/ Intended plantings in 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Flaxseed Area Planted States and United States: 2018-2020 Area planted State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (1,000 acres) % MT 39 99 80 81 ND 165 275 190 69 SD 2/ 4 (NA) (NA) (X) US 208 374 270 72 (NA) Not available. (X) Not applicable. 1/ Intended plantings in 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. 2/ Estimates discontinued in 2019. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Cotton Area Planted by Type States and United States: 2018-2020 Area planted Type and State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (1,000 acres) % Upland AL 510 540 530 98 AZ 160 160 130 81 AR 485 620 590 95 CA 48 55 45 82 FL 117 112 120 107 GA 1,430 1,400 1,300 93 KS 165 175 200 114 LA 195 280 230 82 MS 620 710 660 93 MO 325 380 400 105 NM 77 63 65 103 NC 430 510 500 98 OK 780 640 680 106 SC 300 300 270 90 TN 360 410 360 88 TX 7,750 7,050 7,300 104 VA 98 103 95 92 US 13,850 13,508 13,475 100 American Pima AZ 14.5 7.5 12 160 CA 211 205 195 95 NM 6.8 5.3 8 151 TX 18 12 13 108 US 250.3 229.8 228 99 All AL 510 540 530 98 AZ 174.5 167.5 142 85 AR 485 620 590 95 CA 259 260 240 92 FL 117 112 120 107 GA 1,430 1,400 1,300 93 KS 165 175 200 114 LA 195 280 230 82 MS 620 710 660 93 MO 325 380 400 105 NM 83.8 68.3 73 107 NC 430 510 500 98 OK 780 640 680 106 SC 300 300 270 90 TN 360 410 360 88 TX 7,768 7,062 7,313 104 VA 98 103 95 92 US 14,100.3 13,737.8 13,703 100 1/ Intended plantings in 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Sugarbeet Area Planted States and United States: 2018-2020 [Relates to year of intended harvest in all States except California] Area planted State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (1,000 acres) % CA 2/ 24.6 24.5 24.4 100 CO 26.3 25.1 25.2 100 ID 163 171 168 98 MI 150 146 150 103 MN 415 424 427 101 MT 43.5 41.8 42.5 102 NE 45.5 44 44 100 ND 202 212 214 101 OR 9.3 10 9.9 99 WA 1.8 2 2 100 WY 32.1 31.6 31.5 100 US 1,113.1 1,132 1,138.5 101 1/ Intended plantings in 2020 as indicated by reports from processors. 2/ Relates to year of planting for overwintered beets in southern California. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Tobacco Area Harvested States and United States: 2018-2020 Area harvested State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (acres) % GA 12,500 9,000 9,000 100 KY 68,100 57,400 51,400 90 NC 152,750 117,400 100,300 85 PA 7,800 5,700 5,700 100 SC 12,300 8,300 7,500 90 TN 15,700 13,300 12,900 97 VA 22,280 16,020 15,000 94 US 291,430 227,120 201,800 89 1/ Intended area harvested in 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Tobacco Area Harvested by Class and Type States and United States: 2018-2020 Area harvested Class, type, and State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (acres) % Class 1, Flue-cured (11-14) GA 12,500 9,000 9,000 100 NC 152,000 117,000 100,000 85 SC 12,300 8,300 7,500 90 VA 21,000 15,000 14,000 93 US 197,800 149,300 130,500 87 Class 2, Fire-cured (21-23) KY 11,000 9,500 8,000 84 TN 7,600 6,300 6,000 95 VA 280 320 300 94 US 18,880 16,120 14,300 89 Class 3A, Light air-cured Type 31, Burley KY 50,000 41,000 37,000 90 NC 750 400 300 75 PA 4,000 2,500 2,500 100 TN 5,300 4,000 4,000 100 VA 1,000 700 700 100 US 61,050 48,600 44,500 92 Type 32, Southern Maryland PA 1,400 1,000 400 40 US 1,400 1,000 400 40 Total light air-cured (31-32) 62,450 49,600 44,900 91 Class 3B, Dark air-cured (35-37) KY 7,100 6,900 6,400 93 TN 2,800 3,000 2,900 97 US 9,900 9,900 9,300 94 Class 4, Cigar filler Type 41, Pennsylvania Seedleaf PA 2,400 2,200 2,800 127 US 2,400 2,200 2,800 127 All tobacco US 291,430 227,120 201,800 89 1/ Intended area harvested in 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Dry Edible Bean Area Planted States and United States: 2018-2020 [Excludes beans grown for garden seed. Beginning in 2019, chickpeas are excluded] Area planted State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (1,000 acres) % CA 48 27.4 16 58 CO 42 37 45 122 ID 185 47 48 102 MI 195 185 200 108 MN 185 210 215 102 MT 2/ 395 (NA) (NA) (X) NE 140.2 120 145 121 ND 635 615 650 106 TX 2/ 20.3 (NA) (NA) (X) WA 218 25 26 104 WY 31 21 27 129 US 2,094.5 1,287.4 1,372 107 (NA) Not available. (X) Not applicable. 1/ Intended plantings in 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. 2/ Estimates discontinued in 2019. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Chickpea Area Planted States and United States: 2018-2020 [Beginning in 2019, chickpeas are excluded from dry edible beans] Area planted Size and State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (1,000 acres) % Small chickpeas 2/ CA (D) (D) (D) (D) CO 3/ (D) (NA) (NA) (X) ID 62 20 12 60 MI 3/ - (NA) (NA) (X) MN 3/ - (NA) (NA) (X) MT (D) 51 56 110 NE 3/ (D) (NA) (NA) (X) ND 18.4 (D) (D) (D) TX 3/ (D) (NA) (NA) (X) WA 70 25 22 88 WY 3/ - (NA) (NA) (X) OtrSt 4/ 75.3 9 10 111 US 225.7 105 100 95 Large chickpeas 5/ CA (D) (D) (D) (D) CO 3/ (D) (NA) (NA) (X) ID 72 68 50 74 MI 3/ - (NA) (NA) (X) MN 3/ (D) (NA) (NA) (X) MT (D) 148 83 56 NE 3/ (D) (NA) (NA) (X) ND 96 (D) (D) (D) TX 3/ (D) (NA) (NA) (X) WA 120 85 54 64 WY 3/ (D) (NA) (NA) (X) OtrSt 4/ 349.5 45.4 19 42 US 637.5 346.4 206 59 All chickpeas CA 15.1 13.4 12 90 CO 3/ (D) (NA) (NA) (X) ID 134 88 62 70 MI 3/ - (NA) (NA) (X) MN 3/ (D) (NA) (NA) (X) MT 390 199 139 70 NE 3/ 12.7 (NA) (NA) (X) ND 114.4 41 17 41 TX 3/ (D) (NA) (NA) (X) WA 190 110 76 69 WY 3/ (D) (NA) (NA) (X) OtrSt 4/ 7 - - (X) US 863.2 451.4 306 68 - Represents zero. (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (NA) Not available. (X) Not applicable. 1/ Intended plantings in 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. 2/ Chickpeas 20/64 inches or smaller. 3/ Estimates discontinued in 2019. 4/ Includes data withheld above. 5/ Chickpeas larger than 20/64 inches. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Lentil Area Planted States and United States: 2018-2020 Area planted State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (1,000 acres) % ID 35 34 32 94 MT 500 295 315 107 ND 185 95 85 89 WA 60 62 42 68 US 780 486 474 98 1/ Intended plantings in 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Dry Edible Pea Area Planted States and United States: 2018-2020 [Beginning in 2019, includes Austrian winter peas and wrinkled seed peas] Area planted State 2018 2019 2020 1/ Percent of previous year (1,000 acres) % ID 8 29 25 86 MT 335 530 495 93 NE 58 31 28 90 ND 375 425 325 76 OR 2/ 6.5 (NA) (NA) (X) SD 22 16 11 69 WA 52 72 87 121 US 856.5 1,103 971 88 (NA) Not available. (X) Not applicable. 1/ Intended plantings in 2020 as indicated by reports from farmers. 2/ Estimates discontinued in 2019. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units United States: 2019 and 2020 [Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2020 crop year. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun] Area planted Area harvested Crop 2019 2020 2019 2020 (1,000 acres) Grains and hay Barley 2,721 2,921 2,182 Corn,grain 1/ 89,700 96,990 81,482 Corn,silage (NA) 6,587 Hay, all (NA) (NA) 52,425 53,283 Alfalfa (NA) 16,743 All other (NA) 35,682 Oats 2,810 3,012 826 Proso millet 506 465 Rice 2,540 2,847 2,472 Rye 1,865 310 Sorghum,grain 1/ 5,265 5,820 4,675 Sorghum,silage (NA) 339 Wheat, all 45,158 44,655 37,162 Winter 31,159 30,775 24,327 Durum 1,339 1,290 1,175 Other spring 12,660 12,590 11,660 Oilseeds Canola 2,040 1,989 1,910 Cottonseed (X) (X) Flaxseed 374 270 319 Mustard seed 98 90 Peanuts 1,427.7 1,529 1,391.7 Rapeseed 11.3 10.4 Safflower 165.8 152.7 Soybeans,beans 76,100 83,510 75,021 Sunflower 1,350.6 1,558 1,244.5 Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops Cotton, all 13,737.8 13,703 11,804.5 Upland 13,508 13,475 11,580 American Pima 229.8 228 224.5 Sugarbeets 1,132 1,138.5 979.3 Sugarcane (NA) 913.2 Tobacco (NA) (NA) 227.1 201.8 Dry beans, peas, and lentils Chickpeas 451.4 306 404 Dry edible beans 1,287.4 1,372 1,176.5 Dry edi. peas 1,103 971 1,052 Lentils 486 474 431 Potatoes and miscellaneous Hops (NA) 56.5 Maple syrup (NA) (NA) Mushrooms (NA) (NA) Peppermint oil (NA) 52.4 Potatoes 968.3 942.2 Spearmint oil (NA) 18.5 Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units United States: 2019 and 2020 (continued) [Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2020 crop year. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun] Yield per acre Production Crop 2019 2020 2019 2020 (1,000) Grains and hay Barley bushels 77.7 169,566 Corn,grain bushels 168 13,691,561 Corn,silage tons 20.2 132,807 Hay, all tons 2.46 128,864 Alfalfa tons 3.28 54,875 All other tons 2.07 73,989 Oats bushels 64.3 53,148 Proso millet bushels 35.7 16,608 Rice 2/ cwt 7,471 184,675 Rye bushels 34.3 10,622 Sorghum,grain bushels 73 341,460 Sorghum,silage tons 11.9 4,019 Wheat, all bushels 51.7 1,920,139 Winter bushels 53.6 1,304,003 Durum bushels 45.7 53,756 Other spring bushels 48.2 562,380 Oilseeds Canola pounds 1,781 3,402,000 Cottonseed tons (X) 6,232 Flaxseed bushels 20 6,395 Mustard seed pounds 706 63,580 Peanuts pounds 3,949 5,496,087 Rapeseed pounds 2,160 22,464 Safflower pounds 1,272 194,295 Soybeans,beans bushels 47.4 3,558,281 Sunflower pounds 1,562 1,943,435 Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops Cotton, all 2/ bales 817 20,102 Upland 2/ bales 803 19,380 American Pima 2/ bales 1,544 722 Sugarbeets tons 29.2 28,600 Sugarcane tons 35 31,937 Tobacco pounds 2,060 467,956 Dry beans, peas, and lentils Chickpeas 2/ cwt 1,544 6,237 Dry edible beans 2/ cwt 1,769 20,811 Dry edi. peas 2/ cwt 2,124 22,346 Lentils 5/ cwt 1,250 5,388 Potatoes and miscellaneous Hops pounds 1,981 112,041.2 Maple syrup gallons (NA) 4,240 Mushrooms pounds (NA) 846,491 Peppermint oil pounds 104 5,452 Potatoes cwt 449 422,890 Spearmint oil pounds 130 2,413 (NA) Not available. (X) Not applicable. 1/ Area planted for all purposes. 2/ Yield in pounds. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units United States: 2019 and 2020 [Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2020 crop year. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun] Area planted Area harvested Crop 2019 2020 2019 2020 (hectares) Grains and hay Barley 1,101,160 1,182,100 883,030 Corn,grain 1/ 36,300,690 39,250,880 32,974,950 Corn,silage (NA) 2,665,690 Hay, all 2/ (NA) (NA) 21,215,870 21,563,100 Alfalfa (NA) 6,775,720 All other (NA) 14,440,150 Oats 1,137,180 1,218,930 334,270 Proso millet 204,770 188,180 Rice 1,027,910 1,152,150 1,000,390 Rye 754,750 125,450 Sorghum,grain 1/ 2,130,690 2,355,300 1,891,930 Sorghum,silage (NA) 137,190 Wheat, all 2/ 18,274,990 18,071,430 15,039,090 Winter 12,609,740 12,454,330 9,844,890 Durum 541,880 522,050 475,510 Other spring 5,123,380 5,095,050 4,718,690 Oilseeds Canola 825,570 804,930 772,960 Cottonseed (X) (X) Flaxseed 151,350 109,270 129,100 Mustard seed 39,660 36,420 Peanuts 577,780 618,770 563,210 Rapeseed 4,570 4,210 Safflower 67,100 61,800 Soybeans,beans 30,796,910 33,795,660 30,360,250 Sunflower 546,570 630,510 503,640 Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops Cotton, all 2/ 5,559,550 5,545,470 4,777,160 Upland 5,466,550 5,453,200 4,686,310 American Pima 93,000 92,270 90,850 Sugarbeets 458,110 460,740 396,310 Sugarcane (NA) 369,560 Tobacco (NA) (NA) 91,910 81,670 Dry beans, peas, and lentils Chickpeas 182,680 123,840 163,490 Dry edible beans 521,000 555,230 476,120 Dry edi. peas 446,370 392,950 425,730 Lentils 196,680 191,820 174,420 Potatoes and miscellaneous Hops (NA) 22,880 Maple syrup (NA) (NA) Mushrooms (NA) (NA) Peppermint oil (NA) 21,210 Potatoes 391,860 381,300 Spearmint oil (NA) 7,490 Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units United States: 2019 and 2020 (continued) [Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2020 crop year. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun] Yield per hectare Production Crop 2019 2020 2019 2020 (metric tons) Grains and hay Barley 4.18 3,691,860 Corn,grain 10.55 347,781,670 Corn,silage 45.20 120,480,480 Hay, all 2/ 5.51 116,903,450 Alfalfa 7.35 49,781,760 All other 4.65 67,121,690 Oats 2.31 771,440 Proso millet 2 376,660 Rice 8.37 8,376,720 Rye 2.15 269,810 Sorghum,grain 4.58 8,673,480 Sorghum,silage 26.58 3,645,980 Wheat, all 2/ 3.47 52,257,620 Winter 3.60 35,489,150 Durum 3.08 1,463,000 Other spring 3.24 15,305,480 Oilseeds Canola 2 1,543,120 Cottonseed (X) 5,653,580 Flaxseed 1.26 162,440 Mustard seed 0.79 28,840 Peanuts 4.43 2,492,980 Rapeseed 2.42 10,190 Safflower 1.43 88,130 Soybeans,beans 3.19 96,840,540 Sunflower 1.75 881,530 Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops Cotton, all 2/ 0.92 4,376,690 Upland 0.90 4,219,500 American Pima 1.73 157,200 Sugarbeets 65.47 25,945,480 Sugarcane 78.40 28,972,760 Tobacco 2.31 212,260 Dry beans, peas, and lentils Chickpeas 1.73 282,910 Dry edible beans 1.98 943,970 Dry edi. peas 2.38 1,013,600 Lentils 1.40 244,400 Potatoes and miscellaneous Hops 2.22 50,820 Maple syrup (NA) 21,200 Mushrooms (NA) 383,960 Peppermint oil 0.12 2,470 Potatoes 50.31 19,181,970 Spearmint oil 0.15 1,090 (NA) Not available. (X) Not applicable. 1/ Area planted for all purposes. 2/ Total may not add due to rounding. Prospective Plantings: Released March 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Reliability of Prospective Plantings Planted Acreage Estimates [Based on data for the past twenty years] Difference between forecast and final estimate Root 90% Thousand acres Years Crop mean confidence square interval Below Above error Average Smallest Largest final % (1,000 acres) (number) Barley 7.3 12.7 203 31 401 7 13 Corn 1.6 2.7 1,066 32 3,092 10 10 Hay 2.9 4.9 1,278 34 3,769 2 18 Oats 6.5 11.2 152 21 490 6 14 Peanuts 7.6 13.1 95 8 216 12 8 Rice 6.8 11.8 164 16 335 10 10 Sorghum 8.3 14.3 487 31 1,114 11 9 Soybeans 3.2 5.5 1,642 185 8,517 9 11 Sugarbeets 2 3.4 18 - 67 8 12 Upland cotton 6.3 10.9 586 6 2,115 13 7 Wheat Winter wheat 1.7 2.9 558 21 1,242 7 13 Durum wheat 21 36.3 253 45 1,028 13 7 Other spring 5.5 9.6 545 78 2,083 10 10 - Represents zero.

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